Enzyme-Mediated Extraction of Limonene, Linalool and Linalyl Acetate from Bergamot Peel Oil by Pervaporation

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Institute on Membrane Technology National Research Council, ITM-CNR, Via P. Bucci 17/C, 87036 Rende (CS), Italy

2 Dipartimento di Chimica e Tecnologie Chimiche, Università della Calabria, Via P. Bucci Cubo 12/C, I-87030, Arcavacata di Rende, CS, Italy

3 3Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, Materiali, Ambiente, Università degli studi di Roma “La Sapienza, Piazzale Aldo Moro 4, 00185, Roma, Italy

4 Institute on Membrane Technology, ITM-CNR


Bergamot peel oil is highly attractive for food and pharmaceutical industries due to its content of valuable essential oil, which is enriched with high-added valuable compounds, such as limonene, linalool and linalyl acetate. Nevertheless, there are some limitations for the separation of such compounds. In this framework, pervaporation (PV) technology was proposed as a tool for the separation of limonene, linalool, and linalyl acetate from bergamot oil by using two different commercial organophilic membranes (PDMS-1070 and POMSPEI). The use of an enzymatic pre-treatment was also investigated in order to enhance the performance of selected membranes. All PV experiments were carried out at different temperatures (ranging from 25-40 ºC) in order to analyze the temperature dependence by the Arrhenius relationship. Experimental data indicated that both investigated membranes did not present signifcant differences in terms of enrichment factor, independently from the enzymatic pre-treatment (at 25 ºC). However, the enrichment factors increased signifcantly at 40°C when enzymes were applied. The experimental results clearly indicate that PV is a viable approach for the recovery of such aroma solutes from bergamot peel oils as it yields good separations under mild operating conditions. The efciency of the pervaporative process is indeed enhanced if assisted by an enzymatic treatment.

Graphical Abstract

Enzyme-Mediated Extraction of Limonene, Linalool and Linalyl Acetate from Bergamot Peel Oil by Pervaporation


Main Subjects

Volume 5, Issue 2
April 2019
Pages 187-193
  • Receive Date: 05 October 2018
  • Revise Date: 23 October 2018
  • Accept Date: 24 October 2018
  • First Publish Date: 01 April 2019