Document Type : Research Paper
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS)- Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia de Minas, Metalúrgica e de Materiais (PPG3EM). Av. Bento Gonçalves, 9500, Porto Alegre/RS, Brasil
Programa de Pós-graduação em Qualidade Ambiental, Universidade FEEVALE, Rodovia RS 239, n° 2755, Cep: 93352-000, Novo Hamburgo, RS, Brazil
Programa de Pós-graduação em Qualidade Ambiental, Universidade FEEVALE, Rodovia RS 239, n° 2755, Cep: 93352-000, Novo Hamburgo, RS, Brazil -
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Escola de Engenharia/Departamento de Materiais
The objective of this work was to apply a hybrid process, including electrodialysis reversal (EDR) and reverse osmosis (RO) to the treatment of petrochemical wastewater in order to obtain process water for reuse. A water balance was carried out to defne the main water consumers and the process step that could receive the produced water. Additionally, toxicity assays were performed to evaluate the removal of toxic compounds after EDR and RO processes. Diﬀerent operation parameters in the EDR and RO processes were investigated to enhance the membrane performance. The EDR assays were performed in a pilot plant, with 300 ion-selective membranes and an area of 0.096 m2 for each membrane. The process conditions were: electrical potential of 150 V and 250 V, dilute ﬂow rate at 600 L.h-1 and 1,000 L.h-1, concentrate ﬂow rate maintained at 200 L.h-1, with 25% recirculation and operation in series and parallel modes. The RO assays were conducted in pilot equipment, with a polyamide spiral membrane module with a membrane area of 7.2 m2. Assays were performed at 8 bar, varying the reject ﬂow in each experiment as follows: 150, 300, 450 and 600 L.h-1. The EDR-RO hybrid system presented a removal rate above 90% for most physicochemical parameters from the wastewater, generating a process water without toxicity.