Document Type: Research Paper
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
NFCRS, Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute, Tehran, Iran
In this study, the influence of the salts as an additive on the performance of the membrane was investigated and an extensive work was performed to optimize PVDF hollow fiber membranes through a response surface methodology (RSM). The prepared membranes were characterized by SEM, contact angle and LEP measurement. Then, the RSM was used for the optimization of surface pore size, porosity and hydrophobicity of the synthesized hollow fiber at different conditions (polymer concentration, salt concentrations, and air gap). Under MD conditions (feed concentration, 100 mg/l; feed temperature 80 °C, and cooling temperature 15 °C), the optimum membrane was compared with the virgin one in the same condition. In addition, the influence of distillate flux at different feed concentrations and temperatures was evaluated. The results show that the optimum hollow fiber membrane was fabricated in the polymer concentration of 22 %w/w, BaCl2 concentration of 2.9 %w/w and an air gap of 34.5 cm. Consequently, the optimum fiber was examined for the desalination of water with 35, 50 and 70 g/l salt concentration by DC and AG membrane distillation. Our findings show that the distillate flux with the salt rejection of 99.9% was increased to 46% and 31% for DCMD and AGMD, respectively.